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Young people in Berlin have to be treated more often than in other cities because of fear of school, depression and psychological problems. With 12.5 cases of clinical depression per 1,000 young people, this is 28 percent more than the national average.
One third takes antidepressants
One in three of those treated took depression medication at least once last year, according to the DAK-Gesundheit Berlin report on children and adolescents.
One in ten suffers from mental illnesses
According to the DAK in Berlin, almost one in ten adolescents suffers from mental illnesses that can become chronic, eleven percent of boys and eight percent of girls. 44 out of 1,000 are afraid of school, a quarter more than the national average.
Are mental illnesses better recorded?
Are mental illnesses particularly common among young people in Berlin? Or are they recorded better than anywhere else. The DAK Berlin does not rule out that the existing care structures explain the more frequent diagnoses.
Sicker than in Hamburg or Berlin
However, the DAK clearly states that children in Berlin are "a little sicker" than in Hamburg and Munich. This applies to viral diseases as well as to mental disorders such as ADHD. In contrast, young Berliners suffered less from hay fever and allergies.
One in four suffers from chronic physical illnesses
The rate of chronic physical illnesses is high - 27 percent, boys 29 percent, girls 26 percent. Every fourth young person in Berlin is suffering from diseases such as neurodermatitis or asthma.
Capital of depression?
2.8 percent of adolescents aged ten and over show diagnosed depression, and almost nine percent of 16-year-old girls. Every third of them took antidepressants. That is ten percent more than in other major German cities.
Overweight and depression
The connection between obesity and depression is clear. The risk of adolescents in Berlin suffering from depression increased three-fold in obesity.
Behavioral disorders due to substance abuse
Adolescents in Berlin showed behavioral disorders from abuse of alcohol / alcoholism, tobacco and other substances more often than elsewhere.
Education, tooth decay, obesity
The connection between the level of education of the parents and caries and severe overweight was clear. Children of parents without a school-leaving qualification had caries and severe overweight much more often than children of parents with high school-leaving qualifications.
What is the report based on?
The report has data on the basis of more than 26,000 young people who were insured with DAK Berlin in 2016.
Acute becomes chronic
The Robert Koch Institute sees one child in eight between 0 and 17 in a chronic health problem. In general, the tendency would go from acute to chronic and from somatic to mental illnesses.
Formerly dead, today ill
However, there can be no question of a general deterioration in the health situation. For one thing, many diseases that used to mean death can now be treated - and this affects some of the chronic diseases.
School instead of clinic
On the other hand, modern medicines and therapies could also make it possible for young people to go to school who previously could not go to school. Clinics would treat them shorter today. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)