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Increased sensitivity to light from medicines
Antihypertensives, pain relievers, antibiotics: millions of people in Germany take medications that make the skin more sensitive to the sun. This increases the risk of sunburn. Affected people should therefore ensure good sun protection in summer.
Irritating cough, headache, dizziness, gastrointestinal complaints: the possible side effects of drugs are numerous. But what many do not know: some medications such as certain antibiotics or antihypertensives can make you more sensitive to light. Anyone taking such preparations should therefore ensure good sun protection.
Skin reaction can still start after days
As the ABDA - Federal Association of German Pharmacist Associations e. V. explained in a recent release, some drugs have the side effect of making the skin more sensitive to the sun.
"It hardly matters in winter, but now in summer medication can increase the risk of sunburn and other skin damage," explains Thomas Benkert, Vice President of the German Chamber of Pharmacists. "Ask your pharmacy whether you are affected." According to the experts, the light-induced skin reaction can start immediately or after a few days.
Sensitivity to light is increased
According to the information, a large number of drugs as an undesirable effect can increase photosensitivity. These include, for example, some water-flushing medications (diuretics) and other antihypertensives, various pain relievers or antibiotics. Anti-inflammatory agents such as diclofenac and ibuprofen can also make the skin more sensitive to light, the Barmer health insurance company wrote in a message.
“With antidepressant St. John's wort, on the other hand, the side effect of sensitivity to light is often overestimated. A pronounced phototoxicity has so far only been described in pasture animals with light fur, which ate large amounts of the plant. If a patient does not exceed the therapeutic doses and avoids extreme radiation, no serious symptoms of phototoxicity are to be expected, ”said Benkert.
"Information on a possible increase in sensitivity to the sun is given in the package insert. Anyone who is still unsure should consult the doctor or pharmacist, ”says Heidi Günther, pharmaceutical expert at Barmer. If necessary, they can then recommend an alternative to the actual preparation.
Pay attention to very good sun protection
If you have to take a medicine that makes your skin more sensitive, you should pay attention to very good sun protection and avoid the sun at lunchtime. According to the ABDA, the skin reactions are mainly triggered by the UV A portion of sunlight. This is not prevented by glass or thin clothing. That is why window glass does not provide adequate protection without UV-impermeable films.
If the protective measures are not sufficient to weaken the skin reaction, the prescribing doctor can lower the dose. (ad)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.